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June 25 – immediate

June 25 – immediate

June 25, 2019 =========

☆  immediate 緊急の

============================

An immediate result or action is something that happens without delay. When I started my business and got my first client, my immediate reaction was to celebrate! And when I got my first payment for a huge amount of work I did, my immediate action after the money hit my bank account was to buy myself something! Ha ha! I was quite young at the time, so that is my excuse!

Not anymore, though! Now that I have a family, and other financial commitments, my immediate reaction to getting a payment from a client is to transfer it into my bank account and work out what “job”Read more about June 25 – immediate[…]

June 24 – calculated

June 24 – calculated

June 24, 2019 =========

☆  calculated  計算された

============================

If something is calculated to have a particular effect, it is specially done or arranged in order to have that effect. Other words you can use are deliberate, intentional, planned or intended.

The most common way you’ll hear this word used in terms of business, is that someone took a “calculated risk”. This means that the person is doing something that they think might be successful, but they know it is risky, and they have fully considered the possible negative consequences.

For example, if you decide quit your job to start your own business, you would hopefully say it is a calculated risk – you have considered theRead more about June 24 – calculated[…]

June 23 – stand out

June 23 – stand out

June 23, 2019 =========

☆  stand out  目立つ

============================

Continuing on from yesterday, and the idea from Paul Jarvis of staying small… he says there are over 152 million blogs on the Internet, over 12 million books on Amazon. Over 7 million products on Etsy… that is a lot of people trying to sell stuff and get our attention.

So, if you are a business owner, how do you stand out from these millions and get people to buy from you not one of the other million people? Paul Jarvis says you do it by having other people recommending you. The connections you make with other people are what make you stand out.

To do this,Read more about June 23 – stand out[…]

June 22 – grow

June 22 – grow

June 22, 2019 =========

☆  grow  成長する

============================

One thing that most people believe about business is that you need to grow and in order to grow, you need to hire staff and make the company bigger. Interestingly, a man called Paul Jarvis has recently published a book called “Company of One.”

His book is all about staying small! Instead of just growing your business by making it bigger, he says you should think about making your business better instead of bigger. His idea is that you need a rich life, not to actually be rich. He says the key to doing this is not to grow to a big scale company, but instead workRead more about June 22 – grow[…]

June 21 – analyze

June 21 – analyze

June 21, 2019 =========

☆  analyze  分析する

============================

If you do start a business, you’ll need to analyze it often; in other words, you’ll need to monitor and check internal and external variables to see where you are successful and whether you need to make any changes.

So, what kinds of things can you use to analyze your business? Customer research using surveys online or in-person, for example. If you have a product, you will want to analyze your production, and make sure that quality is high and consistent. If you are a small business with staff, then analyzing labor costs is very important. Salary costs can be quite high, so if you are notRead more about June 21 – analyze[…]

June 20 – implement

June 20 – implement

June 20, 2019 =========

☆  implement  実施する

============================

If you implement something, such as a plan, you ensure that what has been planned is done. Other words with a similar meaning are carry out, execute, or perform. Remember the detailed plan I talked about a few emails ago? Well, one problem with it was that it was not at all inspiring.

The other problem was that although it was well-thought out, it lacked a clear way to implement it. The goals and objectives were clear, but I didn’t take time to break them down into goals, so that I had actual tasks to implement. I wonder if I went back and looked at it again,Read more about June 20 – implement[…]

June 19 – sacrifice

June 19 – sacrifice

June 19, 2019 =========

☆  sacrifice  犠牲にする

============================

When you sacrifice something that is valuable or important, you give it up, usually to obtain something else. For example, the useful phrase is something that you see quite a bit in Australia with people who run their own businesses. “Don’t sacrifice your health for your business.”

Do you know anyone who does this? My sister did for a while. She and her husband ran a very successful phone installation company. Unfortunately, they both sacrificed their health while running the business. They were too busy, no time for relaxation or rest. Thankfully, they sold that business and now have a new business which doesn’t require them toRead more about June 19 – sacrifice[…]

June 18 – complete

June 18 – complete

June 18, 2019 =========

☆  complete  仕上げる

============================

If you complete something, you finish doing, making, or producing it. One common business strategy I see these days, is people marketing a product they haven’t completed making! This way, they get people interested in buying the product, and get them to give their email address to go on a list, so they can be notified when the product is completed and ready to purchase.

One way this works well, is using a website like Kickstarter. I really love this way of doing business. If you have an idea for a product, or a sample of your product, but not really sure if it’ll be successful, youRead more about June 18 – complete[…]

June 17 – avoid

June 17 – avoid

June 17, 2019 =========

☆  avoid  避ける

============================

If you want to start up and run a successful business, then you need to know what to do, but also what to avoid. One of the main things to avoid is undervaluing your product or service. So many new business owners think that a cheaper price is more attractive to the customer or they lack the confidence to charge the price they want or need to charge to be profitable. Try to avoid this mistake!

Another big mistake new business owners make is avoiding marketing. There are no rules on how to market your business. You can do word of mouth, or internet marketing, or evenRead more about June 17 – avoid[…]

June 16 – knowledge

June 16 – knowledge

June 16, 2019 =========

☆  knowledge  知識

============================

Many people think they don’t have enough knowledge to start their own business, but most people have a lot of life experience that can be used for their business. If you have employees, then you have access to their knowledge too!

If you choose to start a business in the area that you already work in, then you have a lot of knowledge already. The thing is though, thanks to the internet, you can access the knowledge of almost all the people in the world! If you want knowledge about your market, google it! Want to know what your customers are thinking? Google it!

So, if you’re thinkingRead more about June 16 – knowledge[…]

June 15 – reward

June 15 – reward

June 15, 2019 =========

☆  reward  報酬

============================

Ah, the reward! The compensation for running your own business. This is where it gets interesting! At a job, your reward is fixed, right? You might get a raise every now and then, but essentially, your reward doesn’t change much even if the company becomes very successful.

On the other hand, if you are the owner of the business, the success of the business greatly affects the amount of the reward you get. Firstly, any increase in profit is yours to distribute how you want to. It could be a bonus to yourself, or to your staff. But, best of all, I think is the non-monetary rewardRead more about June 15 – reward[…]

June 14 – risk

June 14 – risk

June 14, 2019 =========

☆  risk リスク

============================

The useful phrase this week is, “Sometimes it’s OK to take risks.” What do you think about this, do you agree or disagree? On the topic of business, when do you think it would be OK to take risks?

Leaving a paid job, to start your own business is probably the biggest risk of all, and I think that is why so many people never do it. They dream about starting their own business, but the risk of failure and then not being able to find another job is too scary. This is definitely true if you have a family to support or a mortgage to pay.

IfRead more about June 14 – risk[…]

June 13 – result

June 13 – result

June 13, 2019 =========

☆  result  結果

============================

Your business results are probably the most important thing you need to keep a check on, right? If you’re not checking your results, you don’t know if you are successful or not. So, what do you look at? A lot of online businesses look at page access numbers. If the number of unique visitors to your site is increasing, you could say that is a good result.

However, a more important result to check than the number of visitors, is the conversion rate, right? If you get 100 visitors and one person buys, or if you get 10 visitors and one person buys your product, the resultRead more about June 13 – result[…]

June 12 – competitor

June 12 – competitor

June 12, 2019 =========

☆  competitor  競争相手

============================

I took a business course a few years ago, and the first step in the course was to decide your profit plan. The teacher said that a strong profit plan will help you decide your goals and the numbers that you need to reach them.

Interestingly, this profit plan also talked about positioning and using your unique strengths to reach your market. According to the teacher, if you are able to articulate your brand in a way that resonates with your market, then you will not need to worry about your competitor, and you definitely won’t need to enter into price wars.

According to the course, setting yourselfRead more about June 12 – competitor[…]

June 11 – survival

June 11 – survival

June 11, 2019 =========

☆  survival サバイバル

============================

What are the business survival rates in Japan? In Australia, the failure rate of businesses is actually increasing… in other words, the survival rate for new businesses is decreasing! Which is strange to hear, because we are actually in a fairly good economy right now. Retail businesses and the food industry (cafes and restaurants) have the highest failure rate.

The reason survival is so difficult it seems, is because of rising energy bills, and paying salaries, and it has also been difficult to get loans from the banks in recent years.

How about in Japan? Is the survival rate of businesses increasing or decreasing? With the Olympics comingRead more about June 11 – survival[…]

June 10 – strategy

June 10 – strategy

June 10, 2019    =========

☆  strategy  戦略

============================

A strategy is a general plan to help you achieve something. A business strategy then is your plan or road map to set out the decisions you’ll make and the actions you’ll take to accomplish your business goals.

In order to set up your business strategy, it’s important to think about your vision and your goals. Then, next up you need your plan or your strategy to reach those goals. What will you do about branding? And pricing? Who is your market? Will you take the strategy of being the lowest priced product? Or will you use the strategy of offering a better product at aRead more about June 10 – strategy[…]

June 9 – detailed

June 9 – detailed

June 9, 2019   =========

☆  detailed 詳細な

============================

When we moved back to Australia, I thought about how I would have to change my business, as I could no longer give workshops to Japanese people very easily! I wrote a very detailed business plan about my new ideas and how I would work from Australia with my business in Japan… it was very detailed, and very, very uninspiring!

Sometimes, having detailed information is important and helpful. However, in my case, the plan I wrote out was too detailed, and it didn’t give me any inspiration to reach my goals. So, sadly, I filed my detailed plan away in the filing cabinet, and rarely lookRead more about June 9 – detailed[…]

June 8 – financial

June 8 – financial

June 8, 2019      =========

☆  financial  金銭的な

============================

Speaking of being afraid, one of the useful phrases this week is, “Don’t be afraid to get financial advice.” This is a great suggestion! Where would you get financial advice from if you were starting a business? A friend? The bank? An accountant?

When I first started my business, the financial advice I got was from an accountant that was recommended to me. Unfortunately, we didn’t have the same goals for my business, so his financial tips were not much help. I ended up finding a new financial advisor, who was able to speak English and had some great ideas. So, yes, if you are planningRead more about June 8 – financial[…]

June 7 – afraid

June 7 – afraid

June 7, 2019 =========

☆  afraid  恐れて

============================

I recently read a statistic that said that over 70% of Australians do not like their job! That is a lot of people!! However, the problem is that those same people might have an idea for a business but are too afraid to start. They are afraid they might fail, or that their business idea is not good enough.

We often hear that people are afraid of success, too! How strange to be afraid of success – but it’s pretty common. Most people don’t want to stand out and be different from others. They are afraid that if they succeed people will notice them and theyRead more about June 7 – afraid[…]

June 6 – essential

June 6 – essential

June 6, 2019 =========

☆  essential 必須の

============================

In business, some things are essential – meaning they are either extremely important, or even compulsory for your business. If you are running a business on the internet, then a computer and good Wi-Fi are essential. On the other hand, a beautiful desk and high-tech ergonomic chair are not really essential.

On the legal side of things, there are things that are essential, such as registering your business, and having the right insurance. Many new business owners keep their personal and business money in the same account, however, from experience I would say that a business account even for a brand-new business, is essential. What do youRead more about June 6 – essential[…]

June 5 – difficult

June 5 – difficult

June 5, 2019 =========

☆  difficult 難しい

============================

Something that is difficult is something that is not easy to do, or understand. Do you think starting and running a business would be difficult? I think one of the reasons many women start their own business in Australia is because lack of childcare makes it difficult for them to get full-time work.

How about in Japan? Do many people – women or men – start their own business? Can you see anything that would make it difficult to start a business in Japan? I have many Japanese friends who now live in Australia, and they have all started their own businesses! The reason for this isRead more about June 5 – difficult[…]

June 4 – organizational

June 4 – organizational

June 4, 2019 =========

☆  organizational 組織の

============================

There are two useful meanings for organizational, firstly today’s meaning, which is talking about the structure of an organization. For example, “small businesses are generally more able to make organizational changes easily, compared to big businesses.” Or, “I need to think more about the organizational structure of my business in order to grow our sales.”

The other meaning is about abilities and methods relating to the way that something is planned or arranged. For example, as a business owner, having good organization skills is important to help things run smoothly.

Bye,

Chris

June 3 – flexible

June 3 – flexible

June 3, 2019   =========

☆  flexible  融通のきく

============================

If you are flexible, you are able to change easily and adapt to different conditions or circumstances as they happen. The useful phrase for this week is, “As a business owner, you need to be flexible.” What do you think about this? One of the reasons I love being a business owner is that it gives me flexible working hours… but I hadn’t actually thought that I needed to be flexible too! Hmm…

If you are a business owner and you have staff, then of course you need to be flexible about their working hours, and if they need to take day off for some reason.Read more about June 3 – flexible[…]

June 2 – task

June 2 – task

June 2, 2019      =========

☆  task  仕事

============================

Even if you don’t have a business or plan to start one, the useful phrase for this week is a good one to ask yourself (or others around you) each morning. The phrase is “What is your most important task for today?”

Of course, even if you decide that your most important task for today is to do X, if you don’t actually do X, then asking the question is pointless! So, I’d suggest a follow up question, once you’ve asked “What is my/your most important task for today?” the next question is of course, “When am I going to do that task?” Are you goingRead more about June 2 – task[…]

June 1 – record

June 1 – record

June 1, 2019     =========

☆  record  記録

============================

Welcome to June! This month’s topic is “How to be successful in business.” Should be an interesting month. The amazing thing these days is that it is possible to run your own business from pretty much anywhere in the world, whether you are a full-time employee doing it in your spare time, or a stay-at-home mom working while the baby naps.

Have you ever thought of starting a business? Or maybe you already have one? In any case, one of the main things you need to do when you do start, is keep records. Keep a record of payments – a record of the money thatRead more about June 1 – record[…]

May 31 – loose

May 31 – loose

May 31, 2019 =========

☆  loose  ゆったりした

============================

Clothes that are loose are rather large and do not fit your body closely. Another word you could use is baggy, or earlier in the month, we used the word “oversized.” There is a slight difference in the nuance of these two words though.

Clothing that is loose, might be loose because you have lost weight, or because the style doesn’t fit you well. Or because you bought a bigger size than you needed. Or it might have even stretched after being washed a lot! However, something that is oversized, is usually deliberately bigger and looser than it needs to be, because that is how it isRead more about May 31 – loose[…]

May 30 – fitted

May 30 – fitted

May 30, 2019 =========

☆  fitted ぴったりした

============================

A fitted piece of clothing is designed so that it is the same size and shape as your body, rather than being loose. This month’s Q&A question is, “What’s your style?” One of the sample answers is, “I like fitted clothing to show off my shape.”

I don’t really like fitted clothes, however, I do like my jeans to be fitted, otherwise I feel like they are always falling down! Ha ha. How about you? Do you like fitted clothing? What would you say your style is? Do you have a favorite style, or do you like to wear a range of different styles?

Bye,

Chris

May 29 – suede

May 29 – suede

May 29, 2019 =========

☆  suede スエードの

============================

Suede is a leather with a soft, slightly rough surface, rather than smooth like regular leather. Do you own any suede items? I used to own a suede bomber jacket. I absolutely loved it! It was my “go to” jacket for winter in Australia.

Then I went to live in Tokyo for quite a few years, and every winter, I would bring out my trusty suede bomber jacket and wear it. And each day I would think, “I’m so cold!” but I couldn’t work out why… my jacket always kept me so warm in Adelaide.

Finally, after a few winters of being cold in Tokyo, I realized myRead more about May 29 – suede[…]

May 28 – flared

May 28 – flared

May 28, 2019 =========

☆  flared (スカートなどが)フレアーの

============================

Clothing that is flared is wider at the bottom or at the end of the legs than at the top. So, for example, in the 1970’s flared trousers were very fashionable. In fact, if you search Google for flared clothing images, you’ll get a lot of photos from the 1970’s from fashion history pages. There are some pretty funny images!

For me, I’m not really a fan of flared clothing. My high school uniform was a flared green skirt. These days, I rarely wear green, and I avoid wearing flared skirts – they don’t suit my shape, and they remind me of being in school!

Do you haveRead more about May 28 – flared[…]

May 27 – metallic

May 27 – metallic

May 27, 2019 =========

☆  metallic  メタリックの

============================

Metallic paint or colors shine like metal. Metallic shoes are really popular in Australia at the moment. Especially for women, in a sneaker style or slip-on style (notice this slip-on is an adjective, meaning no laces to tie up.)

In fact, it’s not just shoes, but also bags that often have this metallic look. But it doesn’t stop at shoes and bags! Fashion for 2019 includes metallic pants, jackets, shorts, t-shirts… pretty much everything you wear can now come in a cool metallic look according to the fashion blogs on Google. I think I might stick to just metallic shoes though…

Is this metallic style popular in JapanRead more about May 27 – metallic[…]

May 26 – slip on

May 26 – slip on

May 26, 2019 =========

☆  slip on さっと着る

============================

If you slip on clothes or shoes, you put them on quickly and easily. You can also say “slip off” meaning the opposite, that you take clothes or shoes off easily. Some example sentences are:

Just slip this on to see if it fits.
Is it cold out? I might slip on a sweater over my t-shirt.
I hate wearing a suit and tie. I slip on something more comfortable the moment I get home.
Slip on some shoes and let’s get going.

And, using “slip off”
No shoes in the house! Slip them off at the door, thanks.

That last one about no shoes in the house, I have to sayRead more about May 26 – slip on[…]

May 25 – try on

May 25 – try on

May 25, 2019 =========

☆  try on 試着する

============================

Today’s word means to try on a piece of clothing, to see if it fits you or if it looks nice. This word is usually used in shops, where the shop assistant might ask you if you’d like to try something on. If you get asked this, the most common response is “No thanks, I’m just looking.”

In fact, because so many people reply “No thanks.” some shops do training with their staff to make sure that they ask questions that can’t be answered with “no.” If the customer says “no” it’s the end of the conversation. So, an open-ended question or statement is better. ForRead more about May 25 – try on[…]

May 24 – throw on

May 24 – throw on

May 24, 2019 =========

☆  throw on  (服を)さっと引っ掛ける

============================

If you throw on something, or throw something on, it means you quickly put on a piece of clothing. For example, if you are going out and realize it’s colder than you thought, you might quickly throw on your coat as you run out the door.

Or, if you are at home in your PJs relaxing on a day off from work, and the doorbell rings, you might throw on a dressing gown before you answer the door. Or imagine you’ve rushed out the door to meet friends, and they say when you get there, “Oh, you look nice!” you might just say, “Oh, I wasRead more about May 24 – throw on[…]

May 23 – wrap up

May 23 – wrap up

May 23, 2019 =========

☆  wrap up 着込む

============================

This is probably not a word you’ll need to use in Japan for a while, but in Australia, at least where I am, it’s a word we use every day! In fact, as we leave the house each day, the useful phrase is exactly what I say to everyone: “It’s cold outside, better wrap up.”

What season do you like best? Do you love the crisp winter days when you wrap up in cozy winter clothes? Or do you prefer to able to head out into the fresh air of spring or summer without needing to wrap up warm? I think I prefer not having toRead more about May 23 – wrap up[…]

May 22 – take up

May 22 – take up

May 22, 2019 =========

☆  take up (裾などを)短くする

============================

Now, this is a word I am familiar with! When I was younger, I was short – well, OK, I am still short, kind of average height – and so most of my school uniform clothes needed to be taken up. The skirts and dresses and pant legs were too long. My mom was an expert seamstress – she would sew clothes for all of us, but she was also able to do alternations such as taking up a hem, very easily.

Unfortunately, I didn’t inherit her sewing talent! So, when I was young, all my clothes were the right length… now as an adult, it’sRead more about May 22 – take up[…]

May 21 – take in

May 21 – take in

May 21, 2019 =========

☆  take in (服を)小さくする

============================

On the other side of alterations, we can also have clothes taken in. Now, this is the one we’re probably all happy to do, right? Clothes that are too big? Let’s take them in – we definitely don’t want to keep them just in case they fit us later! Ha ha!

When I chose my wedding dress, on the hanger it was huge! I liked the design, but I was sure it wouldn’t fit me. My friend said I should try it on anyway, as they could take it in. I didn’t believe her (as I said, I more of a casual clothes kind of person,Read more about May 21 – take in[…]

May 20 – let out

May 20 – let out

May 20, 2019 =========

☆  let out  (服を)大きくする

============================

This week, we have a few words to use when you are altering clothing. So for today’s, if you have some clothes that you love but that no longer fit you, one option is to have them let out. Take them to a tailor and get them to let out the waist a little so they fit properly.

I wonder if this is something that is popular in Japan? In Australia, as with the bespoke clothing, it’s more common for men to have their suit jackets or pants let out, than it is for women. On the other hand, Aussie women tend to buy new clothes,Read more about May 20 – let out[…]

May 19 – glamorous

May 19 – glamorous

May 19, 2019 =========

☆  glamorous  魅惑的な

============================

Someone or something that is glamorous is attractive and more interesting than ordinary people or things. My niece got married in March (I think I told you that, right?) Her wedding dress was soooooo glamorous! She had been searching for the dress that was perfect for her, and she found it but it was only in Melbourne.

So, she went on a weekend shopping trip to Melbourne to buy this dress that was apparently dazzling and glittering and just amazing, but we all had to wait until the wedding day to see it. When she walked in, her soon-to-be husband gasped and started crying a little. ItRead more about May 19 – glamorous[…]

May 18 – oversized

May 18 – oversized

May 18, 2019 =========

☆  oversized 特大の

============================

The other day I mentioned Sylvia Weinstock and her glasses. They are a classic example of when something oversized works really well, and looks fashionable instead of ridiculous!

Apparently oversized is back in fashion in Australia for winter 2019 (winter starts next month! Noooooo!) And so, the oversized sweaters are actually now called “oversized sweater dresses.” Was that popular in Japan this past winter? The goal is to keep warm, by wearing an oversized sweater dress with high heels for fashion, or sneakers for casual. I feel the cold though, so even if my oversized sweater was technically a dress, I think I would also need aRead more about May 18 – oversized[…]

May 17 – casual

May 17 – casual

May 17, 2019 =========

☆  casual  カジュアルな

============================

Recently I was looking at an online course about choosing the best clothes for your skin and hair color, and body shape. It looked great, and had lots of videos and advice to help you decide. The goal was to never have to say, “I have nothing to wear” ever again!

Unfortunately, the more I looked at it, the more I realized it was mostly “pretty” clothes and women wearing a lot of makeup with perfectly styled hair. Now, don’t get me wrong, I would LOVE to be that type of person, but I’m just not – I like messy hair and casual clothes! If I haveRead more about May 17 – casual[…]

May 16 – showy

May 16 – showy

May 16, 2019 =========

☆  showy 人目を引く

============================

Clothing that is showy is noticeable because it is large, colorful, or bright. It’s not really a way to describe someone in a positive way. For example, you might say something like, “It’s way too showy for me.” Or, “I’d prefer a simple design that is smart but not showy.”

Have you heard of Sylvia Weinstock? She is a wedding cake decorator (aged 89), and is famous for her cakes (of course) but also her glasses. They are huge, round and black. You can see a picture of her here: https://bit.ly/2WESrRs

On someone else, these glasses would probably be too showy. However, they suit her, and she isRead more about May 16 – showy[…]

May 13 – chic, May 14 – timeless

May 13 – chic, May 14 – timeless

May 13, 2019 =========

☆  chic シックな

May 14, 2019 =========

☆  timeless  時代を超えた

============================

And, now catching up on this week’s first two adjectives. Again, I hadn’t planned to do these two words together (“life just got in the way” last week!) but they are nicely suited to a joint email too!

Chic comes from the French word, chique which means skills and elegance. It refers to fashion that is smart and stylish and without being a victim to the latest fashion. In other words, being chic is all about having a timeless sense of style.

Interestingly though, being chic and having a timeless style is not just about the clothes that you wear, but making sure thatRead more about May 13 – chic, May 14 – timeless[…]

May 11 – fabric, May 12 – body type (mini mail catch up!)

May 11 – fabric, May 12 – body type (mini mail catch up!)

May 11, 2019 =========             

☆  fabric  布

May 12, 2019 =========

☆  body type  体型

============================

Just doing a little catch up on some missing mails! Let’s talk about the final two nouns from last week. So, I hadn’t planned on doing these two mails together, but in fact, it’s worked out well!

Why? Well, all the best colors and designs for your body type might not actually look good on you if you choose the wrong fabric! It is important to make sure you are choosing fabrics that sit well on your body type – so depending on your body type, you probably don’t want clingy fabrics that are too lightweight. Wool versus cotton for example.

WhoRead more about May 11 – fabric, May 12 – body type (mini mail catch up!)[…]

May 15 – bespoke (And an apology!)

May 15 – bespoke (And an apology!)

May 15, 2019 =========

☆  bespoke  オーダーメイドの

============================

Hello!! I’m back! Sorry if you’ve missed a few mails from me – Internet problems and sick children! Hopefully everyone and everything is all fixed and healthy now. I’ll send a catch up mail a bit later on.

So, bespoke clothing is basically order made clothing. In Australia, bespoke clothing generally means shoes and suits for me. Of course, women order bespoke clothing too, but for women it is more common for them to buy clothes and then have them altered to fit correctly, rather than ordering something made especially for them.

Men, on the other hand, buy suits and have them fitted, but they are also moreRead more about May 15 – bespoke (And an apology!)[…]

May 10 – contour

May 10 – contour

May 10, 2019    =========

☆  contour  輪郭

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Sorry today’s mail is a little late – this morning my oldest son performed in his school choir for the first time, so I was watching him sing! Actually, I couldn’t tell if he was really singing or pretending – ha ha – but the whole choir sounded pretty good!

So, back to today’s word. Contour when talking about fashion, refers to the general shape or outline of an object. So, you can talk about the contours of a piece of clothing. In fact, at many colleges where you can study fashion design, there is a dedicated “contour fashion” course, which looks at fashion from theRead more about May 10 – contour[…]

May 9 – must-have

May 9 – must-have

May 9, 2019   =========

☆  must-have  必需品

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You can add “must-“ to a verb, such as “have” (or “see” or “read”) to form a noun, which describes things that you think people should have (or see, read, do etc.) So, for today’s word, a must-have is something that you think people should get. It is used in spoken English, and a lot in journalism, especially fashion magazines.

Fashion magazines always talk about the must-have items for the season. Of course, the Internet does too. If you search for “Spring must-haves” you’ll get lots of choices of what you should be wearing this spring. “Top ten must-haves for spring.” Or the “Essentials for spring.”Read more about May 9 – must-have[…]

May 8 – appearance

May 8 – appearance

May 8, 2019      =========

☆  appearance  外見

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Your appearance is the way you look. For example, if you always like to wear the best clothes and be fashionable, you might say something like, “I’m fussy about my appearance.”

If someone asks “Does this look OK?” or “Does this outfit look good on me?” then they are asking for reassurance about their appearance.

If you go to a job interview, then your appearance is quite important for making a good impression.

Can you use appearance in a sentence?

Bye,

Chris

May 7 – shape

May 7 – shape

May 7, 2019 =========

☆  shape  体形

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The shape of a person is the appearance of their outside edges, for example, whether they are round, pear, curved, or fat.

These days, it’s common for people to talk about feeling comfortable in their body, and happy with their shape. Definitely in western culture, there is a lot of shaming of people who are not the “right” body shape.

Too fat, too slim, too curvy, not curvy enough, and so on! It’s pretty hard to know what the right body shape actually is! Hopefully most people know that it’s OK to love the body shape you have right now, even if you want to change itRead more about May 7 – shape[…]

May 6 – silhouette

May 6 – silhouette

May 6, 2019 =========

☆  silhouette シルエット

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When we use the word silhouette in terms of fashion, it means the outline something has, which often helps you to recognize it. It is the shape of the garment. There are only three basic silhouettes that form the basis for all clothing shapes! Do you know those shapes?

They are: the bell (with the outer form shaped round to the waistline). The straight, which hangs from the shoulders. And, the bustle back silhouette, the A-line and V-shape are modifications of the bustle back.

I thought it was really interesting that there is so much variety in fashion these days, but all of these are based on justRead more about May 6 – silhouette[…]

May 5 – have a good eye for fashion

May 5 – have a good eye for fashion

May 5, 2019 =========

☆  have a good eye for fashion  オシャレがうまい

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If someone has a good eye for something, it means that they are good at noticing the details, the small and important things that other people might not notice. So, someone who has a good eye for fashion, is able to notice what really works well together. For example, what colors go together, or what style really suits someone’s body shape.

Do you think you have a good eye for fashion? When I lived in Japan, I noticed that certainly most Japanese women always looked very fashionable and on trend, so I feel that most Japanese women do have a good eyeRead more about May 5 – have a good eye for fashion[…]