Everyday English, every day, With English Now!

attitude  姿勢

attitude 姿勢

October 27, 2016 ========= ☆   attitude  姿勢 ============================ Did you see my Facebook page? I posted a couple of photos from my 57km running event last Saturday. Good news! I completed it! This was my second year, and although it was hard, I was able to complete the distance in the time that I wanted, and part of the reason was my attitude. Your “attitude” to something is the way you that you think or feel about that thing. Although it is possible to tell people how you are feeling – and therefore indicate your attitude toward the situation. However, mostly, you show people your attitude in the way that youRead more about attitude 姿勢[…]

requirement  必需品

requirement 必需品

October 26, 2016 ========= ☆   requirement  必需品 ============================ “Requirement” can be used in two ways. Firstly, a requirement is a thing that you need. For example, food labels often show what percent of our daily food requirement that the food provides. Or a program might be able to be “arranged to suit your requirements.” The other way to use this word is to refer to a quality or a qualification you must have in order to be allowed to do something. For example, a driver’s license is a legal requirement to be able to drive. Or in Australia, in order to become a teacher, the minimum requirement is a graduate degreeRead more about requirement 必需品[…]

worry  不安

worry 不安

October 25, 2016 ========= ☆  worry  不安 ============================ Today’s word can be used as either a verb or a noun. Today’s “worry” is a noun, meaning anxiety, fear, trouble, uneasy or concern. Worry is the start or feeling of anxiety and unhappiness caused by the problems you have or by thinking about unpleasant things that might happen. In fact, a lot of our worry comes from thinking about things that might happen… Mark Twain has a fantastic quote that I love: “I’ve had a lot of worries in my life, most of which never happened.” This is so true; don’t you think? Imagine if we concentrated on the present and didn’tRead more about worry 不安[…]

fatigue  疲労

fatigue 疲労

October 24, 2016 ========= ☆  fatigue  疲労 ============================ Ha ha! Today’s word is another relevant word to describe my weekend! I am feeling a lot of fatigue right now!! On Saturday, as you know I ran a 57km ultra marathon event. Then Sunday morning, I got up early to take my sons to their registration day for the soccer club season for 2017. Then I went to a Japanese cooking class for four hours. After that I went to a Night Photography workshop for three hours! My goodness! So busy! But it’s all been fun. 🙂 And, hopefully my fatigue will have lessened by the end of this week. How aboutRead more about fatigue 疲労[…]

practical  現実的な

practical 現実的な

October 23, 2016 ========= ☆  practical  現実的な ============================ Today’s mini mail has been written in advance… Why? Because I had to be practical! As I said in yesterday’s email, I was running a 57km event on the 22nd of October. It’s a very hilly course, and I was expecting to take about 10 hours (Hopefully much less! Check on Facebook to see how I did). So knowing that I would be exhausted this morning, I decided to be very practical and write this email last Friday! A practical person is someone who makes sensible decisions, deals effectively with problems, or uses methods that are likely to be effective or successful inRead more about practical 現実的な[…]

competent  優秀な

competent 優秀な

October 22, 2016     ========= ☆  competent  優秀な ============================ Someone who is competent is efficient and effective. They have the skills, abilities, or experience necessary to do it well. Do you remember around this time last year, I posted on Facebook and in this newsletter that I was going to attempt my first 100km ultra marathon? I had trained hard, and was feeling competent, and was sure that I would make the distance. Unfortunately, on the day, many things happened – blisters and sore feet, very hot weather, and a friend was in trouble and so I stopped to help, and therefore missed the cut-off time, so I couldn’t finish theRead more about competent 優秀な[…]

proud  誇りとする

proud 誇りとする

October 21, 2016     ========= ☆  proud  誇りとする ============================ If you feel proud, you feel pleased about something good that you did or someone close to you did. For example, you can feel proud of your hard work at your job, or you can feel proud of your child’s effort at school. You can also feel proud to be a certain thing, such as a nationality. You might hear people in the USA say, “I’m proud to be American.” Of course, it’s perfectly fine for you to say you are proud to be Japanese, too! Proud is usually used in a positive, complimentary way. For example, “She is a proud, hard-workingRead more about proud 誇りとする[…]

valid  もっともな

valid もっともな

October 20, 2016     ========= ☆  valid  もっともな ============================ A valid argument, comment, or idea is one that is sensible and reasonable. The useful phrase this week is, “That is a valid argument.” Can you imagine when you might use this phrase? One situation might be that A wants to do something, but B offers a reason or idea why A should not do that (perhaps it is dangerous, or will cost too much money.) Then A would consider the idea, and might respond by saying, “That is a valid argument.” Of course, just by saying, “That is a valid argument” doesn’t mean that A will change their mind and notRead more about valid もっともな[…]

unpleasant  嫌な

unpleasant 嫌な

October 19, 2016     ========= ☆  unpleasant  嫌な ============================ Today’s word uses the prefix, “un” to turn “pleasant” into a negative. You can use “unpleasant” to describe a thing that makes you feel upset or uncomfortable. For example: There was an unpleasant smell coming from the room. The symptoms of the illness are unpleasant, but not life-threatening. The humidity during rainy season is so unpleasant. You can also use “unpleasant” to describe a person who is unfriendly or rude. For example: He’s such an unpleasant man! I’ve never met her, but I have heard that she can be quite unpleasant to strangers. Why do you always have to be unpleasant toRead more about unpleasant 嫌な[…]

autonomous  自立した

autonomous 自立した

October 18, 2016     ========= ☆  autonomous  自立した ============================ Oh my goodness! What a morning I have had. Have you ever heard of the English saying from Murphy’s Law, “Anything that can go wrong, will go wrong.”? That has been my morning! Nothing too serious, but little annoying things that take up time! So, please let me apologize for the lateness of today’s word! Now, someone who is autonomous is someone that makes their own decisions rather than being influenced by someone else…. Ha ha! After my morning, that is rather ironic! Actually, I was acting in an independent and autonomous way, and making my own decisions, but wow I wasRead more about autonomous 自立した[…]

relevant  関係のある

relevant 関係のある

October 17, 2016     ========= ☆  relevant  関係のある ============================ Something that is relevant to a situation or person is important or significant to that situation or person. For example, the police often ask for help from the public by asking for people to tell them any information they think might be relevant to the crime. You can also talk about things not being relevant. For example, if you and I were talking about how to learn English and I told you that today is my mom’s birthday (which it is) you might say to me, “Chris, that’s not relevant to learning English!” Although, it might be better to say, “Chris, howRead more about relevant 関係のある[…]

develop  改良する

develop 改良する

October 16, 2016     ========= ☆  develop  改良する ============================ When you develop something, it becomes better or more successful. Or it grows and changes over a period of time and becomes more advanced. One way this word is often used is to describe the situation where a country develops. When a country develops we mean that it has changed from being a poor agricultural country to being a rich industrial country. I think it is different in Japan, but in Australia a common way for some people to make money is to buy land and develop it. They develop it by building two houses (or more) on the land where thereRead more about develop 改良する[…]

enhance  強化する

enhance 強化する

October 15, 2016     ========= ☆  enhance  強化する ============================ When you enhance something, you improve its value, quality, or attractiveness. It can be a tangible thing that you are enhancing, such as a room or building, or even clothing For example, “Her jewelry really enhanced the elegance of the dress she was wearing.” Or it can be an intangible thing, such as your reputation. For example, “The Republicans are keen to enhance their reputation with women.” Other words you can use instead of enhance are: improve add to boost increase strengthen Bye, Chris

fend  (自力で)生活する

fend (自力で)生活する

October 14, 2016     ========= ☆  fend  (自力で)生活する ============================ The word “fend” is usually used with “for” afterwards, and it is most commonly used to say that you have to “fend for yourself” meaning that you have to look after yourself without relying on help from anyone else. Can you think of examples when you might have to fend for yourself? Here are some that I thought of: Her husband left her and the kids after 10 years of marriage and she had to fend for herself and the kids. My boss gave me a new project but is too busy to help, so I have to fend for myself! ManyRead more about fend (自力で)生活する[…]

appeal  魅力がある

appeal 魅力がある

October 13, 2016     ========= ☆   appeal  魅力がある ============================ There are a few different ways to use today’s word: appeal. Firstly, as in today’s translation – if something appeals to you, you find it attractive or interesting. For example: His idea really appealed to me. Our aim with the new product is to appeal to all ages. You can appeal to someone to do something. This means that you make a serious and urgent request to them to do something. For example: The residents have appealed to the government for financial help after the disaster. She plans to appeal to her boss for a second chance at the promotion. Bye, Chris

depend  ~次第である

depend ~次第である

October 12, 2016     ========= ☆  depend  ~次第である ============================ There are a couple of ways to use “depend”. Today’s meaning is that when one thing depends on another thing, you mean that the first thing will be affected by or determined by the second. For example: The cooking time depends on the amount you are cooking. What I do next will depend on what my boss recommends. It can be cheaper, depending on how much you buy. And like the useful phrase this week: It will depend on what time I finish work. When would you use this kind of phrase? For example, if someone asks you, “What time will youRead more about depend ~次第である[…]

control  管理する

control 管理する

October 11, 2016  ========= ☆ control 管理する ============================ If you control something or someone, then you have the power to make that thing or person do what you want. We usually don’t talk about “controlling” people as that sounds a bit one-sided, instead you would use words like: manage administer have power over handle supervise It’s spring school holidays here at the moment, and the two things I really wish I could control is my time and my kids! Controlling either of these is impossible!! It’s hard to control my schedule in order to work but on the upside, I can have a bit of free time to spend withRead more about control 管理する[…]

acquiesce  しぶしぶ従う

acquiesce しぶしぶ従う

October 10, 2016  =========
☆ acquiesce しぶしぶ従う
Today is a public holiday for “Sports Day” right? What are you doing? Do you have a holiday or do you have to work? It’s school holidays here, so I’m acquiescing to my kids’ demands and only working in the morning, so that we can have a fun afternoon together.
Today’s word is a formal word, but you can still use it in every day English, like I just did. If you find this word hard to remember, or hard to say, some simpler choices are:
give in
go along with
Do you know any others to add to this list?

ongoing  進行中の

ongoing 進行中の

October 9, 2016  =========
☆ ongoing 進行中の
Something that is ongoing is a situation that has been happening for a long time, and seems likely to continue for some time in the future. For example:
There is an ongoing debate on the issue.
He is taking part in ongoing research.
The police investigation is ongoing.
The charity supports people who are likely to have an ongoing need for food and shelter.
I’m not sure if you are watching much about the election happening in the USA between Clinton and Trump, but the social media news about it seems to be ongoing! I hope it ends soon!

desirable  望ましい

desirable 望ましい

October 8, 2016  =========
☆ desirable 望ましい
Something that is desirable is worth having or worth doing because it is useful, necessary, or popular. Last week, I took my kids to see The Secret Life of Pets, and before the movie, there was a short 5-minute Minions cartoon. In the cartoon, the minions were watching a TV commercial for a banana blender. The commercial made the blender look so desirable – and easy to use, compared to just eating a banana – that the minions tried to earn the money to buy one.
Of course, they managed to buy one, but they got tired of pressing all the buttons when they wanted to blend bananas. So, it was lucky that the next, new desirable banana blender was now being advertised! This new improved, and very desirable blender, didn’t need you to push the on/off button! It did it itself. Ha ha.
I’m always amazed by how marketers can make things that we don’t need look so desirable! How about you?

fit  ふさわしい

fit ふさわしい

October 5, 2016  =========
☆ fit ふさわしい
Yesterday I received a package from IBC Publishing containing the 2017 Eigo Techo. This year’s new green color is beautiful and really fit for my new black handbag. It’s the perfect size and color. I didn’t know what color this year’s special edition would be, but I couldn’t have asked for a more fit color!
I prefer the small Eigo Techo as I don’t like to carry a lot with me. I also use my phone for my calendar, so my planner doesn’t need to be big. How about you? What size do you prefer? Which size and color is fit for you? Why?
Do you have your 2017 edition? If not, check it out on Amazon!

pleased  喜んで

pleased 喜んで

October 7, 2016  =========
☆ pleased 喜んで
If you are pleased with something, you are happy about or satisfied with it. For example, I was really pleased with the 2017 green Eigo Techo! The opposite of pleased is displeased, and you can use the following adjectives to indicate how pleased or displeased someone is. At the top of the list are the “very pleased” words, leading down to the bottom words, “very displeased.”
glad, pleased
disappointed, displeased
I hope you spend your day feeling like the words at the top of the list!

afraid  心配して

afraid 心配して

October 6, 2016  =========
☆ afraid 心配して
If you are afraid of something or someone, you are frightened of it or them because you think that something unpleasant will happen to you. Frightened and afraid have the same meaning, however, even though “afraid” is an adjective, you do not use it in front of nouns. In this situation you would use frightened. For example:
An afraid child – No
A frightened child – OK
Use afraid after verbs such as ‘be’ and ‘feel’. In this case, you can use either afraid or frightened. For example:
She was afraid of him. – OK
She was frightened of him. – OK


unconditional  無条件の

unconditional 無条件の

October 4, 2016  =========
☆ unconditional 無条件の
Today’s word is most often used to talk about “love.” If you describe something as unconditional it means that the person doing X or giving X is doing it without requiring anything back in exchange.
So, unconditional love is when you love someone without needing them to be a certain way or do something for you. We tend to give our children unconditional love, but not usually other people in our lives!
How about you? Is your love for all the people in your life unconditional? Even your boss? 😉

self-sufficient  自己満足の

self-sufficient 自己満足の

October 3, 2016  =========
☆ self-sufficient 自己満足の
Our topic this month is “Independence” so this is an important word to know: self-sufficient. My dictionary says that someone who is self-sufficient is independent and “able to live happily without anyone else.” What do you think about this idea? I think it is strange to say “happily” without anyone else.
Of course, I am self-sufficient, and could support myself in all areas of my life without needing help from anyone… however, I’m not sure I could do this “happily” … what do you think? I’d much rather have friends and family in my life, wouldn’t you?

lifestyle  ライフスタイル

lifestyle ライフスタイル

October 1, 2016  =========
☆ lifestyle ライフスタイル

Recently I heard some advice for people starting a business. The “guru” said, “Think about the lifestyle you want, and then build your business around that lifestyle.” What do you think about this idea? I really like it! When I started my business I was just thinking about flexible working hours while my kids were young and needed more help from me… I wish I’d thought a little more about the lifestyle I wanted in more detail.
How about you? When you got your job or started your business or became a parent, did you think about the lifestyle you wanted before making those choices? For Japanese people is it common to plan your work around your lifestyle or the other way around?

opportunity  チャンス

opportunity チャンス

October 2, 2016  =========
☆ opportunity チャンス
You may notice that the translation for today’s word is “chance” which is also a common word in English. So have you ever wondered if “chance” and “opportunity” are really the same in English? Basically, yes, they are and you can use either one… but let’s look at it a little more deeply.
You can use both these words when there is a “chance” or “opportunity” to do something. For example, you might get the opportunity or chance to speak English in your work.
However, if you are using “chance” to talk about the possibility of something happening, then this is different from “opportunity.” For example, if you buy a lottery ticket, you have a chance of winning, but you don’t have an opportunity to win. It’s all about luck, not opportunity. When you have no control over something, it is more likely to use “chance.”
Hope that helps!

anaerobic   無酸素の

anaerobic 無酸素の

September 30, 2016 =========
☆ anaerobic 無酸素の
Today’s word is the opposite of yesterday’s. Aerobic exercise is exercise that happens “with oxygen” and anaerobic exercise happens “without oxygen.” Of course, you are still getting oxygen, but not enough so it is hard to keep doing the exercise for a long time. For example, lifting heavy weights and sprinting. Actually all of the activities I mentioned yesterday could be anaerobic exercise too, if you do them at a very high intensity. So it isn’t really the type of exercise that makes something aerobic or anaerobic, it is actually the intensity that makes the difference.
Did you watch the Olympics last month? Watching Usain Bolt sprint the 100m and 200m it is hard to believe that he was doing anaerobic exercise then. He looked so comfortable and like he was having fun! Most of the other sprinters looked like they were in pain and that it was such hard work!

aerobic  有酸素の

aerobic 有酸素の

September 29, 2016 =========
☆ aerobic 有酸素の
There are two types of exercise, aerobic and anaerobic. Aerobic exercise strengthens your heart and lungs. It is sometimes called “cardio” exercise. For exercise to be classified as “aerobic” it requires the heartrate and breathing rate to increase in a way that the heart can continue to deliver oxygen to the muscles throughout the exercise session.
Some examples of aerobic exercises are cardio machines, spinning classes, running, swimming, walking, hiking, dancing, kickboxing and so on. Do you like doing aerobic exercise? We are coming up to spring and summer in Australia, so I’m looking forward to warmer weather so that I can do more aerobic exercise outside! How about you, how will you continue to exercise and stay in shape during the cooler autumn and winter months?

obese  肥満の

obese 肥満の

September 28, 2016 =========
☆ obese 肥満の
If you check your dictionary, then the meaning of “obese” is someone who is extremely fat. However, “obese” is actually a word that has a scientific definition too. To be classified as “obese” your Body Mass Index (BMI) has to be over 30. If your BMI is over 25 but less than 30, then you are overweight, not obese. This is the same classification all over the world, right? So even in Japan you need to have a BMI over 30 to be considered obese.
In America, 31.8% of the population is obese. Did you know that this makes it number 10 in the top ten obese countries? I thought for sure that America was number one! But in fact, Kuwait is number one, with 42.8% of the population classified as obese! That is crazy! The article I read suggested that the reason for this was that Kuwait has become a rich country thanks to oil, and American fast food is so popular, that everyone is getting fatter… wow, I had no idea! Even though I know I’m not overweight or obese, I suddenly feel the need to check my BMI…

fit  健康な

fit 健康な

September 27, 2016 =========
☆ fit 健康な
Someone who is fit is healthy and physically strong. Do you think you are fit? I would say that I am fit and healthy, but I don’t think I am physically strong! I am fit because of running, but running doesn’t strengthen your arms, so I recently started doing yoga a few times a week – and this showed me how *unfit* I am!! Yoga is hard work!
Do you know any other words you can use instead of fit?
in good shape
When you are talking about old people that are fit and healthy, sometimes we use the word “hale” but this is a little bit old-fashioned. And of course, the opposite is “unfit.”

telltale  紛れもない

telltale 紛れもない

September 26, 2016 =========
☆ telltale 紛れもない
A “telltale” sign is a sign that gives away information about something bad that would not otherwise be noticed. Here are some examples:
The telltale redness around his eyes showed that he had not been sleeping well.
The telltale loudness of her voice made him realize she had been drinking with friends.
The empty packet was a telltale sign that the kids had eaten all the chocolate!
He said he had quit smoking but there was a telltale aroma of cigarette smoke on his clothes.
As you can see, the ‘telltale sign” points out the negative thing that you might not have noticed otherwise such as: lack of sleep, drinking too much, eating all the chocolate, and continuing to smoke.
Can you use telltale in a sentence?

telltale  紛れもない

telltale 紛れもない

September 26, 2016 =========
☆ telltale 紛れもない
A “telltale” sign is a sign that gives away information about something bad that would not otherwise be noticed. Here are some examples:
The telltale redness around his eyes showed that he had not been sleeping well.
The telltale loudness of her voice made him realize she had been drinking with friends.
The empty packet was a telltale sign that the kids had eaten all the chocolate!
He said he had quit smoking but there was a telltale aroma of cigarette smoke on his clothes.
As you can see, the ‘telltale sign” points out the negative thing that you might not have noticed otherwise such as: lack of sleep, drinking too much, eating all the chocolate, and continuing to smoke.
Can you use telltale in a sentence?

meditation  瞑想

meditation 瞑想

September 25, 2016 =========
☆ meditation 瞑想
When I was in university I studied Law, working as a lawyer is stressful, but so is studying law! So one day, when I saw an advert for a workshop on “mediation” I thought it would be a great idea to go – I could learn some techniques for relaxing and releasing stress…
Did you notice my mistake? The sign said “mediation” which is about “conflict resolution” … what I thought it said was “meditation”!! Oh dear! Just one extra “t” makes a big difference in meaning! Ha ha. Have you ever made a similar mistake where the word is almost the same but not quite the same? What happened?

balance  バランス

balance バランス

September 24, 2016 =========
☆ balance バランス
We often hear about work-life balance, but what about finding balance between having a healthy diet and a diet with a few treats sometimes? Or finding balance between exercising too much and not enough.
Do you have balance in your life when it comes to your health? As I said in a previous email, I am an “all or nothing” type person when it comes to food – I either eat all the chocolate or none! Drink all the wine, or none! We imagine “balance” to be in the middle of “all or nothing” however, for me, it is hard to find this balance in the “middle.” How about you? Are you an all or nothing type, or is it easy for you to find balance with healthy eating habits?

priority  優先事項

priority 優先事項

September 23, 2016 =========
☆ priority 優先事項
Your “priority” is the most important thing that you have to do or deal with before doing anything else. Most self-help gurus suggest setting your priorities each day, using the “3 MIT” idea. Each day, you should have no more than three “Most Important Tasks (MIT).” Your MIT is your priority for the day.
Do you think that exercising or eating healthily should be an MIT each day? Of course it is a priority, right? We want to stay in shape, so exercising and eating well are priorities for us, but do you actually put these things on your To Do list? I sometimes do… I definitely put running on my To Do list three times a week, but I was wondering if other people do this? Do you? What are your priorities each day? Come and tell me on the English Now! Facebook page!

weight-loss  体重の減少

weight-loss 体重の減少

September 22, 2016  =========
☆ weight-loss 体重の減少
Is weight-loss and how to be slim a popular topic in Japan? When I lived in Japan, I often saw advertising for weight-loss and gadgets or new exercise ideas that could help you lose weight. I always thought this was surprising, because most Japanese people are already slim anyway, so there is no need for weight-loss!
However, now that I have returned to Australia, there are so many overweight people, that weight-loss is actually really important – for health and to avoid diabetes for example. However, I don’t see that many advertisements for weight-loss. There are a few famous names such as “Weight Watchers” (a company selling food for weight-loss) and “Michelle Bridges” (an online personal trainer and TV personality) but otherwise, it seems that no one is really interested in weight-loss. I’m a bit worried about this, really…

digestion  消化

digestion 消化

September 21, 2016  =========
☆ digestion 消化
The word, “digestion” can be used in two ways. Firstly, “digestion” is the process of digesting foods. For example, they say it is better not to drink when eating because the liquid can interfere with digestion. Also, although we think that digestion happens in the stomach, for many foods, digestion actually starts in the mouth.
The other meaning of “digestion” is that it is the name of the system in the human body that digests food. The mouth, stomach, intestines and other organs are all part of this digestion system.

mouthful  一口

mouthful 一口

September 20, 2016  =========
☆ mouthful 一口
Continuing on from yesterday’s talk about temptations – I guess if I were a “strong” person, then I could just have a “mouthful” of the cake and leave the rest, right? One mouthful won’t hurt my diet… but I don’t know about you, personally I find it impossible to have just one mouthful!
In the book I talked about earlier in the month, “Better than Before” she talks about this idea – some people should just have a mouthful when they are trying to diet, and some people should have none at all because they cannot stop after just one mouthful. Are you the sort of person who can have just one mouthful of something – for example, one mouthful of cake or one mouthful of wine? I’m not… it’s all or nothing for me. Lol 🙂

temptation  誘惑

temptation 誘惑

September 19, 2016  =========
☆ temptation 誘惑
Something that is a temptation for you is a thing that you want to have (or do). What kinds of temptations can be harmful to staying in shape?
For me, a cake with my latte is my biggest temptation! I love to have a latte at a café every Saturday morning while my boys go to Japanese school… unfortunately the café always has so many yummy looking cakes and other temptations! In English we say this kind of thing is “not good for my wallet or my waistline” – in other words it decreases the amount of money in my wallet and increases the inches on my waistline! Is there a similar saying in Japanese?
What is your biggest temptation when trying to stay in shape or get healthy?

vulnerable  もろい

vulnerable もろい

September 18, 2016  =========
☆ vulnerable もろい
Have you heard of today’s word? It is used to describe someone who is weak or without protection and therefore they are easily hurt physically or emotionally. It can describe something that is easily harmed or affected by something bad.
So how does today’s word relate to staying in shape? Here are some ways you could use today’s word:
People with high blood pressure are vulnerable to diabetes.
During pregnancy, the baby is vulnerable to toxins in the mother’s foods.
Using sunscreen can help protect vulnerable skin from the sun’s UV rays.
It’s a bit tricky, but can you use vulnerable in a sentence?

vital  いきいきした

vital いきいきした

September 17, 2016  =========
☆ vital いきいきした
If you describe someone as “vital” you mean that they are energetic and full of life. It is often used to describe older people, who you wouldn’t expect to be that lively. However, it can be used to describe young people too. For example, “Her new boyfriend is a very vital person, just like her.” Or “She is still so vital despite her age.”
Vital also has another meaning, which means that something is necessary or important. If something is vital to another thing, it is crucial. For example, “She gave vital information to the police about the robbery.”
The two words are quite different in meaning, don’t get them mixed up! 🙂

flexible  柔軟性のある

flexible 柔軟性のある

September 16, 2016  =========
☆ flexible 柔軟性のある
Being flexible means that you are able to change and adapt easily to different conditions or circumstances. Do you think being flexible is important to staying in shape? I think it is really important! For me, with young kids it is not always easy to find time to exercise, so I need to be flexible with my plans – sometimes I plan to run in the morning at 5am for example, but if my child is sick or wakes up early, then of course I cannot go.
With eating too, I like to decide the menu for the week ahead because it makes dinner time much smoother and easier. However, sometimes when I can’t make what I had planned because we don’t have the right ingredients or work was too busy so I don’t have enough time. In those times I have to be flexible and change the menu – or buy takeout… 😉
Do you think you are flexible? In what way does being flexible help you?

bloated  むくんだ

bloated むくんだ

September 15, 2016  =========
☆ bloated むくんだ
There are two ways to use “bloated.” Firstly, it can mean that part of your body is larger than usual, because it has a lot of liquid or gas in it. Pregnant women often get bloated ankles and legs. Also some people experience bloated legs after flying in an airplane.
The second way to use “bloated” is to describe a feeling of a full stomach after eating too much. For example, “I ate too much at dinner and now I feel really bloated!” Or “Too much dairy always makes me feel bloated, so I try not to drink milk in my coffee.”

dehydrated  脱水の

dehydrated 脱水の

September 14, 2016  =========
☆ dehydrated 脱水の
When you are “dehydrated” it means that you haven’t drunk enough and your body needs more water. Yesterday I talked about feeling “hangry,” I don’t usually get angry when I am hungry, but when I am dehydrated I do! I’m not sure why, but when I have not drunk enough water, and feel dehydrated that is when I can be very irritable.
Our bodies are amazing, aren’t they? If you pay attention to the signals, they can tell you a lot of things… mine tells me when I am dehydrated. How about your body? Does it let you know when you are dehydrated or hungry? What are the signals for you?

hungry  空腹の

hungry 空腹の

September 13, 2016  =========
☆ hungry 空腹の
I’m sure you already know today’s word – it might be one of the first words you learn in school English maybe? If you are “hungry” you want to eat food because you have an empty or painful feeling in your stomach, right?
How about the word, “hangry”? Have you heard of this word? Basically change the “u” to an “a” and you have a recent new English word, “hangry” which is when you are feeling angry or irritable because you are hungry! The word is a blend of “angry” and “hungry”… do you ever feel “hangry”?

conscious  意識的な

conscious 意識的な

September 12, 2016  =========
☆ conscious 意識的な
When we talk about staying in shape or getting healthy one of the important things we need to do is make a “conscious decision” to do it. When we make a conscious decision to do something, we do it with our full attention. If we just think vaguely about wanting to get healthy or now that we are healthy, wanting to stay in shape, then it probably won’t happen. We really need to be conscious and aware of our goal in order to reach it.
An example for me was that last year I had a training plan for my running from a running coach, and I made a conscious decision to take part in an ultra-marathon at the end of October. So I ran regularly, ate well, and reached most of my goals. This year, however, I didn’t make any conscious plans to run any events, and I have suddenly been “too busy” to run… strange! Even though I’m not really busier than last year – without the conscious decision to train and run, I cannot find the time to do it!
How about for you? Have you ever noticed the difference in your own life from making or not making a conscious decision to do something?

adopt  身につける

adopt 身につける

September 11, 2016  =========
☆ adopt 身につける
When you adopt a new attitude, plan, or way of behaving, you begin to have that thing. It is common, for example, to talk about adopting new habits. In fact, if you do a Google search for “adopt a habit” you’ll get about 16 million results! Wow!
Last year I read a great book about adopting new habits, by Gretchen Rubin, called “Better than Before.” In this book she says that there are four main personalities that people fit into, and depending on which personality you are, then the method to adopt a new habit will be different. Do you find it easy or difficult to adopt new habits?
If it is difficult, maybe you should take a look at this book! At the moment though there is no Japanese translation – so you can learn about adopting new habits AND improve your English at the same time. 🙂

nourish  栄養を与える

nourish 栄養を与える

September 10, 2016  =========
☆ nourish 栄養を与える
When you “nourish” a person, animal, or even a plant, it means that you give them the food that is necessary for them to live, grow and be in good health. Here are some examples:
The food that a pregnant woman eats nourishes both her and the baby.
There are microbes in the soil that nourish the plant.
You can also use “nourish” to talk about feeding something emotionally not just physically. For example, “My mother nourished my dream of traveling to Europe.” And “Although the newspapers don’t create public opinion, they can help to nourish it.” (This means that the newspapers write stories that support the public opinion that they want people to have.)

slouch  前屈みになる

slouch 前屈みになる

September 9, 2016  =========
☆ slouch 前屈みになる
When you slouch, it means that you sit or stand with your shoulders and head bent so that you look lazy and unattractive. Slouching is a sign of bad posture, but these days because everyone spends so much time on computers and smart phones, slouching is becoming more and more common.
How about in Japan? When I lived in Japan, I thought that most Japanese people had great posture and slouching was not that common – except for people sitting on the train, tired on their way home from work! Is slouching becoming more common? Do you do any exercises or stretches to make sure that you can maintain good posture?