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Today’s Word: sustain

Today’s Word: sustain

June 23, 2018 =========

☆  sustain  維持する

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Sustain means to continue or maintain something for a period of time. Similar words are maintain, continue, keep up, and prolong. I saw an interesting infographic the other day, about how long life could be sustained on the various planets in our universe. The example was about how long life could be sustained without a spacesuit (oxygen) on various planets. Unfortunately, the answer for most of the planets – except for earth – was less than one second. Mercury and Mars were around 2 minutes.

Life on earth, without a spacesuit, can be sustained for around 80 years (or more in Okinawa!!) These days, though, I wonderRead more about Today’s Word: sustain[…]

Today’s Word: connect

Today’s Word: connect

June 22, 2018 =========

☆  connect つながる

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There are a few different ways to use the word, “connect” however, the main two are the following: first, if one thing or person connects to another thing or person, the two things or people are joined or linked in some way. Second, if you connect with someone, you feel a sense of familiarity and agreement with them because you have the same kinds of ideas.

For example:

I didn’t realize you were connected to John through your work.
You should connect with Tim at the party next weekend, he’d be a great mentor for you.
I feel like I really connected with Sarah from the moment we met.

Can youRead more about Today’s Word: connect[…]

Today’s Word: escalate

Today’s Word: escalate

June 21, 2018 =========

☆  escalate エスカレートする

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This week’s useful phrase is “That escalated quickly” meaning that a relatively calm situation intensified or increased quickly. For example, if two people are having a discussion about something, and it suddenly becomes more like an argument, you can say, “That escalated quickly.”

It’s often used I a humorous way, to lighten the mood. So, if people are arguing on a Facebook post, or in a Twitter feed, you could reply with “That escalated quickly” as a way of making people stop and think about how they are reacting. Hopefully, this quick pause will make them laugh at themselves and realize they have overreacted.

Is there a similarRead more about Today’s Word: escalate[…]

Today’s Word: react

Today’s Word: react

June 20, 2018 =========

☆  react  反応する

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To react to something means that you behave in a particular way because of that thing. For example, “He reacted violently to the news” or “How did she react?” or “She reacted with disbelief when her boss said she was being promoted.”

I heard a terrible story about a basketball game in Japan, where the player reacted violently toward the referee who made a call that he disagreed with. I was shocked to hear this story, especially since it was not a professional game, but just a high school game. And I was wondering if the same in Australia… I was thinking it wasn’t and that kidsRead more about Today’s Word: react[…]

Today’s Word: initiate

Today’s Word: initiate

June 19, 2018 =========

☆  initiate   始める

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If you initiate something, you start it or cause it to happen. Don’t confuse this word with initiating someone into a group, such as a religion or social group at university. In that case, initiate means to perform a kind of ceremony to make that person a member of the group. In university in the USA, this kind of initiating seems a bit scary! People who want to join that group often have to go through terrible things in order to be initiated into the alumni.

Instead, this word is about initiating discussion, or initiating a family trip so that you can all create deeper bonds andRead more about Today’s Word: initiate[…]

Today’s Word: linger

Today’s Word: linger

June 18, 2018 =========

☆  linger  長引く

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When a feeling lingers, it continues to exist for a long time, usually longer than you expected. You can also talk about an illness or injury (such as a cold or sprained muscle) lingering on for longer than expected. Here are some example sentences:

She had talked to him about it, but her feelings of anger lingered.
He felt ashamed and the feeling lingered long after the event.
She had broken up with her boyfriend months ago, and so she couldn’t understand while her feelings towards him still lingered.
He knew it wasn’t his fault but he felt people still had feelings of blame lingering toward him.

Can you use lingerRead more about Today’s Word: linger[…]

Today’s Word: criticism

Today’s Word: criticism

June 17, 2018 =========

☆  criticism  批判

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A criticism is a statement that expresses disapproval. It is the opposite of praise. We often talk about “constructive criticism” and just plain criticism (or sometimes you’ll hear the term destructive criticism). Constructive criticism is intended to be useful, and positive, in order to help the person improve themselves or the thing that they are doing.

Criticism that is not constructive is more like an attack on the person’s ideas, character or ability. It can hurt your pride and have a negative effect on your self-esteem and confidence. When someone gives you criticism, your response is very important! If you just get angry and argue with them,Read more about Today’s Word: criticism[…]

Today’s Word: discussion

Today’s Word: discussion

June 16, 2018 =========

☆  discussion  議論

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This week’s useful phrase is, “I think we need more discussion on this topic.” When do you think you could use this phrase? You might use it with your spouse, when deciding whether to change jobs, buy a house, have kids, but it doesn’t have to be that kind of deep conversation. It could even just be a discussion about where to go for dinner!

In any case, you could use this phrase, when you felt there was no more time to talk right then, or you were tired or busy and wanted to stop the discussion for now and talk again later. If you did wantRead more about Today’s Word: discussion[…]

Today’s Word: explanation

Today’s Word: explanation

June 15, 2018 =========

☆  explanation  説明

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Giving an explanation of something that has happened means giving people reasons for what happened. This is generally in an attempt to justify why it happened. For me, giving an explanation of why something happened, without making it sound like an excuse is quite hard! How about you?

For example, if you are trying to give an explanation of why you were late, does it end up being an excuse? So, these days I often drive places and if I’m late I can give an explanation of it being “bad traffic” or “the baby needed a nappy change” and so on, but in the end, I justRead more about Today’s Word: explanation[…]

Today’s Word: Trigger

Today’s Word: Trigger

June 14, 2018 =========

☆  trigger  きっかけ

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If something triggers another thing such as an illness, event, feeling, or situation, the first thing causes the second thing to begin to happen or exist. For example, stress is often a trigger for illness. Recently, I’ve been learning about emotional triggers and trigger warnings.

In some of the moms and babys’ groups I belong to on Facebook, a post by someone often contains the words “Trigger warning” at the beginning. It is generally included in posts that contain a trigger that might upset someone reading it. For example, if someone is talking about miscarriage, or children getting sick. And, for some people even talking about howRead more about Today’s Word: Trigger[…]

Today’s Word: accusation

Today’s Word: accusation

June 13, 2018 =========

☆  accusation  非難

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If you make an accusation against someone, you criticize them or express the opinion that they have done something wrong. When we are angry at someone, it’s very easy to make accusations, rather than express our actual feelings. We blame others and make accusations that it was them that made us feel that way, rather than us reacting to their actions in a certain way.

My kids are always making accusations about each other. “He did X” or “He made me angry.” So, one day, I said to my oldest son, “Just once, please don’t start with an accusation of what Charlie did. Please don’t say, ‘CharlieRead more about Today’s Word: accusation[…]

Today’s Word: statement

Today’s Word: statement

June 12, 2018 =========

☆  statement  発言

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Statement has a few different meanings, which ones do you know? Today’s meaning is a statement as in something that you say (or write) which gives information in a formal way. For example, “Our boss made a vague statement about the merger this morning, I wish he’d be more clear and definite about the situation.”

A statement can also be an official or formal announcement issued for a particular reason. For example, the president might issue a statement regarding XYZ.

When a witness or suspect talks to the police about an event, the official account of the event is their statement.

Of course, you can also have your bankRead more about Today’s Word: statement[…]

Today’s Word: bond

Today’s Word: bond

June 11, 2018 =========

☆  bond  絆

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As I said yesterday, it’s a public holiday today, so we are off to see my sister’s new holiday house. Her kids will be there and my other sister and her family will be there too. This means my kids will get to see their cousins, which is great as it strengthens their bond with them.

All of my cousins are in England, and as we left when I was only 3 years old, I don’t have any bond or connection with them at all. In western culture, cousins are considered to be your first friends, so I feel a bit sad not having that bond andRead more about Today’s Word: bond[…]

Today’s Word: exhausted

Today’s Word: exhausted

June 10, 2018    =========

☆  exhausted   疲弊して

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What do you usually do on the weekends? I’m not sure why, but I usually get to the end of the weekend, Sunday night and feel exhausted! I think it’s because my kids are at school during the week, but on the weekend, everyone is home – and it’s cold, so no one wants to go outside and play. Instead, we sit by the heater all day… ha ha! I wonder why that makes me feel exhausted??

Luckily, this weekend is the Queen’s birthday long weekend, so tomorrow is a public holiday for us. So, we are going to have lunch at my sister’s new “holidayRead more about Today’s Word: exhausted[…]

Today’s Word: delighted

Today’s Word: delighted

June 9, 2018   =========

☆  delighted   喜んで

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If you are delighted you are very pleased and excited about something. For example, He was delighted with his achievement. Or, She was delighted to meet his parents. When you want to emphasize things, then usually you would use very, extremely, fairly, quite, or almost. However, with delighted, it’s not grammatically correct to use these words. So, instead, try using “absolutely” or even simply “so”.

For example:

She was so delighted to finally meet him.
I’m absolutely delighted to see you!
He was so delighted to receive your letter.
Mom will be absolutely delighted that you can come home for Thanksgiving.

I was so delighted that our local farmer’s market nowRead more about Today’s Word: delighted[…]

Today’s Word: confused

Today’s Word: confused

June 8, 2018      =========

☆  confused  混乱した

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When you are feeling confused, you don’t know exactly what is happening or what to do. For example, “I’m confused about what to eat to stay healthy as there are so many conflicting ideas.” Or, “We’re moving house soon, but things are happening too quickly and I feel so confused!”

When do you feel confused? What sorts of situations make you feel confused? When you are feeling confused do you have any other feelings at the same time? For example, do you feel stressed or anxious? Or do you feel OK and comfortable even though you are confused? In the PhotoReading seminar, we teach that feelingRead more about Today’s Word: confused[…]

Today’s Word: disconnected

Today’s Word: disconnected

June 7, 2018 =========

☆  disconnected  分離された

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You might usually hear this word in relation to things, rather than people. However, it is often used to describe feeling disconnected from a person, or even a person who is disconnected from their own emotions and feelings.

Sometimes we feel disconnected from our family, friends and society, and it can be hard to really know why. Interestingly, it might actually be due to an imbalance in the hormones of cortisol and oxytocin. If you have a lot of stress in your life, you probably have a lot of cortisol in your body. This can lead to feeling disconnected from yourself and others. One way toRead more about Today’s Word: disconnected[…]

Today’s Word: affectionate

Today’s Word: affectionate

June 6, 2018 =========

☆  affectionate  愛情のある

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If you are affectionate, you show your love or fondness for another person in the way that you behave towards them. My little girl is currently 4 ½ months old and is not affectionate at all. Ha ha! Of course, this is a developmental thing, and I don’t think babies are affectionate until much older, but I can’t remember when!

I feel like my sons were so affectionate from a young age, but it probably wasn’t four months old, more like one year old or later. I wonder if it is also a difference between boys and girls? I wonder if girls are more affectionate or lessRead more about Today’s Word: affectionate[…]

Today’s Word: tactfully

Today’s Word: tactfully

June 5, 2018 =========

☆  tactfully   巧みに

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If you speak tactfully, it means that you speak carefully and try not to offend people. My friend and her husband are currently traveling in Tokyo and she just posted the most hilarious update on Facebook. Today is their first day in Tokyo, and she must have eaten something bad on the plane I guess, because her post says that she has had “the squirts” all day! There really is no way to say diarrhea tactfully, but “the squirts” is one funny way!

Her poor husband went to the drug store for her, but he cannot speak Japanese, so he had to “tactfully” use body language toRead more about Today’s Word: tactfully[…]

Today’s Word: pretentious

Today’s Word: pretentious

June 4, 2018 =========

☆  pretentious   見栄っ張りの

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If you say that someone is pretentious, you mean that they try to seem important or significant, but you do not think that they are. A funny example, is wine in Australia. We make such good wine here, especially in my state of South Australia. Generally, cask wines (boxes of 2L or 4L of wine) are actually pretty good quality. However, pretentious people would never, ever drink cask wine! Never!

Also, with wine, pretentious people will always smell the wine. Now of course, this is one way of getting to know the wine. However, the only real way to know if a wine is good or not,Read more about Today’s Word: pretentious[…]

Today’s Word: gratitude

Today’s Word: gratitude

June 3, 2018   =========

☆  gratitude   感謝

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We often hear that having gratitude, or expressing gratitude, or even keeping a gratitude journal is important for living a happy life. Do you agree? Do you think it’s important to feel gratitude each day?

I used to keep a gratitude journal, and I would write in it each night. However, at the moment, with my little daughter taking up a lot of my time at night, I don’t have a chance to write in it. Instead, I set a reminder on my iPhone. At 8:30pm each night, I get a little reminder to “remember gratitude”. It’s a great way to finish off my day, IRead more about Today’s Word: gratitude[…]

Today’s Word: appreciation

Today’s Word: appreciation

June 2, 2018      =========

☆  appreciation   感謝の気持ち

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So, we’re on to a new topic, “Express your feelings” and showing your appreciation for someone or something, is a great way to express your feelings. You can actually say it to the person, for example, like the useful phrase this week, “I’m so full of appreciation for your help.”

Or you can actually show your appreciation through your actions. For example, you could write a letter, buy flowers, write a thank you card and send it, make the person their favorite meal, buy them a coffee… that’s just a few ideas.

How are some ways you express your appreciation to someone?

Bye,

Chris

Today’s Word: reliability

Today’s Word: reliability

June 1, 2018     =========

☆  reliability  信頼できること

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We haven’t talked about suffixes for a while! So, today’s word is the adjective reliable plus the suffix “ity” which creates the noun, reliability. My son is currently learning about suffixes and prefixes at school and at first, I was a little worried about the reliability of the materials he is using for study!

He is very proud of himself, knowing how new words can be formed by adding a suffix or prefix to it. However, when he was telling me about the words, one example he gave was the word “ball” as a suffix, which can change into words like “volleyball” and “basketball.” Hmmm, forRead more about Today’s Word: reliability[…]

Today’s Word: obsessive

Today’s Word: obsessive

May 31, 2018 =========

☆  obsessive  脅迫的な

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I might have been a bit obsessive this month talking about mental health! Mental health and mental care is an important topic though. One good example of this is in the USA. They have so many deaths each year from guns, and yet they never seem to implement gun control. There just seems to be too many people who are obsessive about the right to own guns.

So, in my humble opinion, if they aren’t able to change the gun laws, then perhaps they should be more obsessive about the mental health help that they provide to people. I’m not sure if that would help, but surelyRead more about Today’s Word: obsessive[…]

Today’s Word: destructive

Today’s Word: destructive

May 30, 2018 =========

☆  destructive  破壊的な

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Something that is destructive causes or is capable of causing harm or damage. For example, feelings of guilt can be very destructive. You may have heard of Daniel Goleman, who wrote the famous book, Emotional Intelligence (1995). He has written many other books, including one in 2002, Destructive Emotions: And how we can overcome them.

This book is basically an interview with the Dalai Lama, and it looks at ideas in science and philosophy and sees how they can work together, to help us recognize our destructive emotions such as hatred, anger, guilt and so on. It then offers insight into how we can recognize and transformRead more about Today’s Word: destructive[…]

Today’s Word: psychological

Today’s Word: psychological

May 29, 2018 =========

☆  psychological  精神的な

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Psychological describes something affecting or arising in the mind. Something that is related to the mental and emotional state of a person. So, someone who is in good mental health is at a level of psychological well-being, and they are functioning at a satisfactory level emotionally.

It’s interesting though, because what exactly is a “satisfactory level”? Right? A lot of this kind of psychological health is also cultural. With the heart or liver or other body part, doctors can easily say if we are healthy or not. However, with our psychological health, it is much more difficult don’t you agree? It is so subjective, who decides whatRead more about Today’s Word: psychological[…]

Today’s Word: toxic

Today’s Word: toxic

May 28, 2018 =========

☆  toxic  有害な

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Toxic is usually used to describe a substance that is poisonous, such as toxic waste. However, it is often used these days to describe a person or relationship that is not healthy and harmful to your mental health. So, you might have a toxic friend or be stuck in a toxic relationship for example.

When I was in primary school, I was bullied by my “best friend” … it was a strange situation. When it was just me and her, she was so nice, and acted like my best friend. But when other people were around, she was so mean to me! It was very confusing, andRead more about Today’s Word: toxic[…]

Today’s Word: make excuses

Today’s Word: make excuses

May 27, 2018 =========

☆  make excuses  言い訳をする

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When you make excuses or make an excuse, it means that you are giving a reason to explain why something has happened or not happened. My kids are experts at making excuses!! It’s usually when they answer “Why did you hit your brother?” Their answer is always (almost always) “Because he hit me first.” Sigh… Sometimes I don’t know whether to laugh or cry!

Another time when my kids are likely to make excuses is when there is a big mess to clean up. “Why haven’t you cleaned up XYZ?” and of course the answer is “Because he helped make the mess, so he should helpRead more about Today’s Word: make excuses[…]

Today’s Word: panic

Today’s Word: panic

May 26, 2018 =========

☆  panic  パニックになる

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If you panic, it means that you suddenly feel anxious or afraid, and act very quickly without thinking carefully. It’s interesting how people are so different in what kinds of things make them panic. When I lived in Japan, earthquakes made me panic so much, even the tiny ones. But I know that small earthquakes often don’t worry most people in Japan, right?

Now that I’m back in Australia, a lot of my friends who run, always panic during the “snake season” because they always worry they will see a snake when they are running in the hills. For me, though, this doesn’t make me panic soRead more about Today’s Word: panic[…]

Today’s Word: panic

Today’s Word: panic

May 25, 2018 =========

☆  function   機能する

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This word is usually used to describe a machine or a system that is functioning, in other words, it is working or operating. For example, “The business cannot function without local government support.”

However, in terms of mental care, we can also talk about people functioning – or not functioning. For example, in Australia, if your mental health suffers so much when you are working, that you cannot function properly and cannot do the work you are supposed to do, you can actually apply for the disability pension so that you can stop working. If you can still function, but are having trouble with mental health issues,Read more about Today’s Word: panic[…]

Today’s Word: take ~personally

Today’s Word: take ~personally

May 24, 2018 =========

☆  take ~ personally  ~をあてつけと受け取る

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If you take something personally, it means that you are upset because you think they are criticizing you in particular. Many years ago, I read a great book, The Four Agreements by Don Miguel Ruiz. One of the agreements was, “Don’t take anything personally.” This one stuck in my mind and seemed so useful in every day life. When people say something, it’s never really a reflection of you, but rather something that they are feeling. So, remembering not to take it personally is a great way to avoid feeling angry or sad or even confused.

In Ruiz’s words, he says, “Don’t take anything personally.Read more about Today’s Word: take ~personally[…]

Today’s Word: seek

Today’s Word: seek

May 23, 2018 =========

☆  seek  求める

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Today’s word is a formal word that means contacting someone in order to ask them for help or advice. It’s been a long time since I thought about the past tense form of a verb, but I was thinking about this one – do you know the past tense form of this word? If you don’t know the answer, you could always seek help from an English teacher. 😉 ha ha

The past tense form of this verb is sought. So, you might seek advice from a boss after you sought advice from a coworker and didn’t get a good answer. You might not hear this wordRead more about Today’s Word: seek[…]

Today’s Word: cajole

Today’s Word: cajole

May 22, 2018 =========

☆  cajole  おだてる

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To cajole someone into doing something means to get them to do it after persuading them for some time. As a parent, I often find myself cajoling my kids into doing things! And this time, I’m not even talking about cleaning up! Ha ha.

Yep it’s true, I even have to cajole them into doing things that they enjoy doing. Swimming lessons. I have to cajole them each week. Soroban lessons – oh my – you wouldn’t believe how much my younger son “hates” going to Soroban lessons. Every week I cajole him into going, by buying him a frozen coke from McDonalds! Even in winter… theRead more about Today’s Word: cajole[…]

Today’s Word: worry

Today’s Word: worry

May 21, 2018 =========

☆  worry  心配する

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If you worry about something such as a problem, it means that you keep thinking about that problem or think about unpleasant things that might happen. Recently I have started worrying about my mother again. Last year she got very sick but made an amazing recovery and was able to go back and live in her own home.

Recently though, she has had trouble sleeping and so she uses her iPhone in the middle of the night. Last week, she accidentally called me at 1:30am when she was playing games on her phone as she couldn’t sleep!! Oh my goodness!! Of course, I woke up and calledRead more about Today’s Word: worry[…]

Today’s Word: help

Today’s Word: help

May 20, 2018 =========

☆  help  助け

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You probably know this word more as a verb than a noun, for example, “Can I help you?” However, it is also often used as a noun, and has a similar meaning to assistance or support. Here are some example sentences:

Thanks very much for your help.
You should always ask for help when you need it.
Her situation qualified her for payments and other help from the government.
I had no choice but to ask for help from my neighbor.

Can you use help as a noun in a sentence?

Bye,

Chris

Today’s Word: others

Today’s Word: others

May 19, 2018 =========

☆  others  他の人達

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The useful phrase this week is, “It’s OK to ask others for help.” Are you able to ask others for help or do you tend to feel like you should do everything yourself? I must admit, I’m more of the “do it all myself” type of person, but as I said a few months ago I broke my ankle, so I really had to rely on the help of others in order just to get anything done!

I couldn’t drive, so I had to use online shopping for our groceries. I also had to ask others to help with school pick up and drop off – luckilyRead more about Today’s Word: others[…]

Today’s Word: cause

Today’s Word: cause

May 18, 2018 =========

☆  cause   原因

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The cause of an event, is the thing that makes it happen. We usually use cause when talking about a negative event. For example, “Smoking is now known to be a preventable cause of disease.” Or, “In most cases, the exact cause of mental illness is not known.”

So, while we may not know the cause of mental ill health, we do know a lot about the causes of happiness. We often hear that food and exercise, family and friends, success, and even religion are important for happiness. However, these are not the causes of happiness! Happiness is not due to some external factors, but instead, happinessRead more about Today’s Word: cause[…]

Today’s Word: environment

Today’s Word: environment

May 17, 2018 =========

☆  environment  環境

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The environment that we live in can really affect our mental health. I can’t stand clutter! It makes me feel really stressed… unfortunately for me, my kids don’t seem to care at all about how messy our house is! I love the idea of a peaceful home environment, where everyone puts away their things after they have finished using them… but at the moment that seems like a dream rather than reality! Ha ha.

It’s important to remember also, that clutter doesn’t just relate to our physical environment. Mental clutter can be just as stressful! Emails, messages, notifications, and phone calls can all build up as mentalRead more about Today’s Word: environment[…]

Today’s Word: ailment

Today’s Word: ailment

May 16, 2018 =========

☆  ailment  病気

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An ailment is an illness that is not very serious. If you have an ailment, you can usually go to the drug store to get medicine for it, without seeing a doctor. Or, you may not even need to get medicine, just rest and eating well will be enough. Some ailments might actually be chronic, meaning that they last a long time. Here are some example sentences:

She suffered from a chronic back ailment.
The doctor is treating me for a variety of ailments.
Recently, doctors have started to consider depression as a serious ailment.
Even after many tests, they couldn’t find a cause for his ailment.

Can you use ailmentRead more about Today’s Word: ailment[…]

Today’s Word: mental health

Today’s Word: mental health

May 15, 2018 =========

☆  mental health   メンタルヘルス

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One of this week’s useful phrases is, “Your mental health is just as important as your physical health.” Do you agree? How do you take care of your mental health?

I know a lot of people who say that meditation is the best thing they do for their mental health. I’d love to have a habit of meditating, but no matter how often I try to start meditating regularly, it never becomes a habit. However, I do love running and I always find that running is good for both my physical and mental health. Unfortunately, due to my ankle injury, I haven’t been running in aRead more about Today’s Word: mental health[…]

Today’s Word: doom

Today’s Word: doom

May 14, 2018 =========

☆  doom  凶運

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If you have a sense or feeling of doom, it means that you feel things are going very badly and are likely to get even worse. For example, if the economy is not going well, it is common to say that “people are full of doom and gloom.”

I think this week’s quote by Marcus Aurelius, “Dwell on the beauty of life.” is a good way to get past any feelings of doom you might have. If you have a feeling of doom regarding your job or your situation and think things will only get worse, then try to take a moment to dwell on the beautyRead more about Today’s Word: doom[…]

Today’s Word: blue

Today’s Word: blue

May 13, 2018 =========

☆  blue   憂鬱な

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If you are feeling blue, you are feeling sad or depressed, often without any particular reason. Blue is an informal word, but it is used often, and it is OK to use when talking to a doctor, too. For example, you could say to your doctor that you are feeling depressed, but you could also say that you are feeling blue, and they will still take you seriously.

In the movie I mentioned yesterday, Inside Out, the character for Sadness is the color blue, and this comes from the idea of feeling blue when you are sad or depressed. Interestingly, the character for Joy is yellow, butRead more about Today’s Word: blue[…]

Today’s Word: dejected

Today’s Word: dejected

May 12, 2018 =========

☆  dejected   落胆して

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If you are feeling dejected, you are feeling miserable or unhappy, because you have been disappointed by someone or something. When we are expecting something good to happen, and it doesn’t go as planned, we feel disappointed and dejected.

Have you seen the Pixar movie, Inside Out? It’s technically a kids’ movie, but wow, I thought it was really powerful. It is the story of an 11-year-old girl and how she copes with all the emotions that come up when her family moves from Minnesota to San Francisco. Although “dejected” isn’t one of the five main emotions (joy, sadness, fear, anger, and disgust) in the movie, itRead more about Today’s Word: dejected[…]

Today’s Word: resentful

Today’s Word: resentful

May 11, 2018 =========

☆  resentful  怒りっぽい

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If you are resentful, you feel resentment and anger. Other similar words are: bitter, angry, and offended. For example, he felt resentful about losing his job. Or, she was feeling resentful about being left out of her father’s will.

Another word with a similar meaning but one that is more informal is “miffed”. Have you heard of this word? It is not as strong as resentful, it is closer to annoyed than angry. For example, I am feeling miffed that my little baby girl won’t have a daytime nap at the moment, so I cannot get anything done! In this situation, it would be too strong toRead more about Today’s Word: resentful[…]

Today’s Word: discouraged

Today’s Word: discouraged

May 10, 2018    =========

☆  discouraged  がっかりして

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If you are feeling discourage, you are feeling deterred, disheartened, dismayed, down in the mouth, down in the dumps… that’s a lot of D words! Ha ha… Have you heard of either of the phrases, down in the mouth or down in the dumps?

Down in the mouth is easy to imagine, right? If your mouth is “down” as opposed to “up” then we can imagine that you are feeling sad or discouraged.

Down in the dumps might not be so easy to guess. A long time ago, “the dumps” meant “a state of depression” but it is only used in this idiom now. Nowadays, “the dump”Read more about Today’s Word: discouraged[…]

Today’s Word: upset

Today’s Word: upset

May 9, 2018   =========

☆  upset  腹をたてて

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If you say you are upset, you mean that you are unhappy or disappointed because something unpleasant has happened to you. I usually think that upset is similar to sad in meaning, and yes, you can use it for that meaning, however it is more like the meaning of distressed, bothered, troubled or worried. Here are some examples of it in use:

She looked so upset after the meeting.
After he left, I felt very upset.
The kids were terribly upset about their parents’ divorce.
Sorry to hear you’re upset. (This week’s useful phrase)
There’s no need to get upset!

Can you use upset in a sentence?

Bye,

Chris

Today’s Word: angry

Today’s Word: angry

May 8, 2018      =========

☆  angry  怒って

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When you are angry, you feel a strong dislike or impatience about something. Yesterday I mentioned my younger son saying it wasn’t fair that his brother got a laptop for his birthday… he was definitely angry about it! He has a long wait until he is ten and he might not even get a laptop then!

My younger son is still angry – it has only been one day, but hopefully he won’t feel angry for too much longer! – but one thing that made him feel a little less angry, was being able to use my iPad to play some games for a while.

Can youRead more about Today’s Word: angry[…]

Today’s Word: fair

Today’s Word: fair

May 7, 2018 =========

☆  fair 公平な

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Something or someone that is fair is reasonable, right, and just… so, today is my oldest son’s birthday. He is turning 10 and has recently started getting homework (Aussie schools are very relaxed about homework and hardly ever give kids homework!) which means that he needs to use my laptop. For his birthday, we decided to get him a very basic laptop.

I think it’s a fair present – he’s ten, responsible, needs it for school, it will mean he doesn’t need to use mine all the time, and he won’t get to have a party with friends, just this one present instead.

But his younger brother,Read more about Today’s Word: fair[…]

Today’s Word: encourage

Today’s Word: encourage

May 6, 2018 =========

☆  encourage  促す

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When someone is feeling sad or down, it’s good if you can encourage them (gently) to do things that will make them feel better or more positive. If a friend is feeling down, then you could encourage them to get outside and get some fresh air. Or you could encourage them by helping them make a list of what is troubling them, and then sort out some simple action steps they can take.

If you know someone who was working toward a dream and that dream fell apart, encourage them not to give up. I heard a great idea for this situation, which is that if someone’sRead more about Today’s Word: encourage[…]

Today’s Word: console

Today’s Word: console

May 5, 2018 =========

☆  console  慰める

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If you console someone who is unhappy about something, you try to make them feel more cheerful. Both my sons have soccer matches today with their club teams… one starts at 9am and one at 11am. I hope they win their games and I don’t have to console them when they get home!!

When people are feeling sad and you console them, it’s best not to say things like, “You’ll feel better soon.” Or “Look on the bright side.” Instead, focus on saying things that let them know that you understand their feelings. You could say things like, “You’re not alone, I’m here for you.” Or “I’mRead more about Today’s Word: console[…]