figure of speech 例え

January 27, 2015 =========
☆ figure of speech 例え
A figure of speech is an expression or word that is used as a metaphor rather than because of its literal meaning. When it’s raining we often say, “It’s raining cats and dogs outside.” Of course there are no animals falling from the sky! It is just a figure of speech to mean that it’s raining hard.”
Why would you use a figure of speech, instead of just saying, “It’s raining hard”? Mostly we use them because they give more detail, but they are also fun and liven up your English. Here are a couple of examples:
“fall in love” – obviously we don’t actually “fall” when we fall in love.
“rack our brains” – think very hard.
“climb the ladder of success” – there is no actual “ladder” to climb.
Do you know any common figures of speech in English?